Thyroid problems result from malfunctioning thyroid glands, butterfly-shaped glands located in the front of the neck. Located along the front of the windpipe, just below the larnyx. There are mainly three hormones secreted by the gland, namely Triidothyronin T3, Tetraidothyroxine T4 and Calcitonin. Even though T3 is the main functional hormone, 90% of thyroidal secretion is of T4. These hormones affect virtually every organ function, including brain and somatic development in infants and almost all metabolic activity in adults.
When you are experiencing periods of fatigue and sleep disorders, weight variations, mood and mental disorders, bowel problems, muscle and joint problems, irregular periods,infertility and libido problems, skin changes, body changes, temperature changes, cholestrol issues, high bp, abnormal heart rate, neck enlargement, and psychological issues, you should doubt a faulty Thyroid.These symptoms mostly indicates existence of thyroid disorders in body.
In addition to goiter and thyroiditis, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, Graves disease and thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules, and thyroid storm can arise due to thyroid abnormalities.
Thyroidal issues can be classified as structural problems and functional problems. Structural problems are goiter, solitary and multiple nodules and offcourse cancer, whereas functional problems are hyperthyrodism and hypothyrodism.
The main symptoms of goiter include:
● A lump in the front of your neck, just below your Adam’s apple.
● A feeling of tightness in your throat area.
● Hoarseness (scratchy voice).
● Neck vein swelling.
● Dizziness when you raise your arms above your head.
The main symptoms of thyroid nodules:
● Unexplained weight loss
● Increased sweating
● Rapid or irregular heartbeat
But mostly the nodules are asymptotic
The main symptoms of hyperthyrodism:
● Unintentional weight loss, even when your appetite and food intake stay the same or increase
● Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia) — commonly more than 100 beats a minute
● Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
● Pounding of your heart (palpitations)
● Increased appetite
● Nervousness, anxiety and irritability
● Tremor — usually a fine trembling in your hands and fingers
The main symptoms of hypothyrodism:
● Increased sensitivity to cold
● Dry skin
● Weight gain
● Puffy face
● Muscle weakness
● Elevated blood cholesterol level
There is no doubt that thyroid disorders need to be treated in a timely manner, but the type and timing of treatment also matter. Medications are usually prescribed to correct hormonal imbalances in thyroid disorders. However, many people are wondering if alternative medicine can help them to manage their symptoms. When it comes to managing thyroid disorders, Ayurvedic medicine can do wonders in normalizing the glandular as well as the hormonal abnormalities.
In the world of traditional medicine, Ayurvedic medicine is among the oldest. Originally from India, it seeks to prevent disease by balancing the mind, spirit, and body.
The structural issues of Thyriod mainly nodules amd goiter are well delt in Ayuvedic Classical texts like Charaka Samhitha, Ashtanga hridaya etc. Galaganda is the term used for structural problems of Thyroid.
The Galaganda is a swelling that hangs over the Gala (Neck) region like Mushka (scrotum)either large or small. There is an involvement of Ama, Dhatvagnimandhya and impaired Vata, Kapha, and Medo doshas with this disease entity. The Ayurvedic thyroid cure includes Shodhana (detoxing) and Shamana (medication) Padhyahara (dietary regimes) and Vihara (Life style adaptations).
The functional problems via hyper and hypo thyroidisms are caused by derangement of Agni in our body. There are three classes of Agni in our body. The prime one is Jadaragni which is reponsible for the digestion and absorption of nutrition from food. The seat of which is our GIT(GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT). Thete are other two agnies as well they are Dhatwagni and Bhutagni. The Dhatwagni nourishes respective Dhathu. For eg:- Asthi Dhatwagni deals with metabolism of calcium and other monerals and other nutrients important for the development of Bones in our body and Raktha Dhatwagni nourishes Blood and if any derangement either hyper or hypo functioning of these Agnies will affect the respective DhathPoshana. Lastly the Bhootagni helps in the nourishment of respective Bhootas among the Panchamahabhootas via earth, water, fire air and ether. Hence the treatment of functional problems of Thyroid via hyper and hypo thyroidisms are in fact the correction of deranged Agni in our body. The Agni is deranged by doshas via Vata, Pitha, and Kapha. When Agni is affected by Vatha it becomes Vishama amd when vitiated by Pitha it becomes Theeshna and with Kapha it becomes Manda.
Manda Agni- inadequate digestion and reduced metabolism
Theekshana Agni- Fast Digestion, highly increased metabolism
Vishama Agni- some times increased and at times decreased digestion amd faulty metabolism
It can be considered that in both Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism the vitiation vata is invariable there, along with vitiation Kapha in Hypothyroidism and Pitha in Hyperthyroidism. So the treatment of frank hypothyroidism is Kapha Vata pacification and Hyperthyroidism is Pitha Vatha pacification.
The vitiation of doshas are usually diagnosed by lakshanas that means basic diagnosis involves the assessment of signs and symptoms involved and since these can vary from person to person the treatment also is tailor made.
According to Ayurveda, early sign of thyroid disease are chronic fatigue, dullness and a weakened immune system. It is easier to treat thyroid disease if detected early because a healthy diet can be consumed and nutrients can be provided to the body to pacify the doshas involved.
Ayurveda treats thyroid problems by incorporating foods which can curb these issues into daily diet: Jamkumbhi and drumstick increase iodine levels within the body, while Dhaniya (coriander) and Jeerak siddha jala help in the recovery of
swelling associated with thyroid disorders. It is also beneficial for thyroid function to boil some ginger in water and drink it like tea.
Use of raw vegetables, especially cauliflower, kale, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts, should be avoided. Since these veggies can enlarge a faulty Thyroid to become a Goiter, these are called Goitrogens. Lack of vitamin D can exacerbate thyroid problems. Treatment for the deficiency can be achieved by exposure to the sun early in the morning. In addition to stimulating the thyroid glands and boosting immunity, outdoor exercise regulates calcium metabolism. All forms of processed sugar should be avoided by thyroid patients. Also, limit the intake of natural sugar-containing foods. Fruits such as apples and bananas, as well as vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, and dark green leafy vegetables, are high in vitamin A.
According to Ayurveda treatment of thyroid fruit and vegetables are considered healthy whole foods. Nutritional deficiencies may increase your risk of health problems if you do not consume a healthy diet.
Several research suggests that eating highly processed foods may increase your risk of developing autoimmune diseases, although more research is needed.
An adaptogen herb, Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) helps you reduce stress, as per treatment in ayurveda for hypothyrodism. Northern Africa and India are natural habitats for it. It is one of the most important herbs in Ayurveda. According to the ayurvedic thyroid care may be helped by lowering stress hormone levels. It must be further studied before it can be determined whether it is effective. Researchers examined the effect of Ashwagandha on 50 people who had mild hypothyroidism but did not reach clinical levels using a double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Ashwagandha root was given daily to the participants for 8 weeks at a dosage of 600 milligrams. In comparison to the placebo group, participants taking Ashwagandha had significantly improved thyroid hormone levels at the end of the study. A 2014 study looked at the effect Ashwagandha had on the thyroid hormone levels of people with bipolar disorder.
In cases where extreme vitiation of doshas are involved specific Panchakarma procedures may be needed to alleviate the symptoms. Vamana, Nasya, Vasthi and Virechana are done with tailor made medications to cure the Thyroid issues clinically. Specific Yoga postures, Pranayama especially Nadishudhi and Bhastrika and Meditation are found very helpful in treating thyroid issues
It is possible to manage thyroid disorders with the help of Ayurveda treatment for thyroid either in addition to standard treatment. Standard treatments should not be discontinued. Be sure to speak with your doctor before taking Ayurvedic herbs. Being one of the major ayurvedic multispeciality hospitals in India, Sreerudra Ayurveda is one of the top thyroid treatment centers in Kerala. Seek the best ayurvedic medicine for thyroid disorders here.