Post Stroke Management

Post Stroke Management Treatment in Kerala

Ayurvedic Treatment for Stroke

Stroke is an emergency medical condition that is caused due to the lack of blood supply to a part of the brain resulting in brain cell death. It may be partially or wholly cut off and as a result, the brain ends up not receiving enough Oxygen and nutrients making the affected cells perish, which eventually affects the brain functions of that part. Stroke needs immediate diagnosis and treatment to minimize brain damage. In ayurvedic treatment for stroke, Post-stroke symptoms or conditions can be managed through procedures such as Thalam and Virechanam. There are treatments to reduce dizziness and improve concentration.

Types of Stroke

Stroke can be categorized into two major types:

  • Ischemic Stroke

It is the most common type and is a result of cholesterol-blocked arteries around the brain. When the blood vessels are plagued by fatty deposits known as Atherosclerosis, it hinders the blood flow to vital organs. As Atherosclerosis doesn’t display any sort of symptoms, most people come to the realization only after getting a stroke or other issues like a heart attack.

Risk Factors

  • The primary cause of stroke is often High blood Pressure. 
  • People who are diabetic are more prone to the risk of getting strokes.
  • Atrial Fibrillation is a type of arrhythmia where a person experiences irregular heartbeats.
  • High bad cholesterol, as well as low good cholesterol levels, increases the possibility of arterial plaque buildup.
  • Lack of physical activity can be a reason for not one but many health issues including being overweight and high blood pressure, which increases plaque deposits.
  • An unhealthy diet containing transfat, high sodium content, sugar, etc. 
  • Smoking narrows blood vessels, raises cholesterol levels, and causes the blood more prone to get clotted.
  • Age is a factor when it comes to stroke. People over 50 years of age are more prone to having strokes.

Types of Ischemic Stroke

Ischemic strokes can commence at various sections of the body which develops quickly and may happen due to different types of blockages. 

  • An embolic stroke occurs when a blood clot or plaque buildup develops in another part of the body and progresses to the blood vessels present in the brain. 
  • A thrombotic stroke happens while a thrombus or clot develops within a blood vessel in the brain.
  • Hemorrhagic Stroke

When a blood vessel in the brain ruptures resulting in bleeding of blood from the artery, it can result in hemorrhagic stroke. The bleeding increases the pressure on the brain cells surrounding the area and damages them which makes them unable to function properly. The bleeding can either be inside the brain or around it. The blood while in contact with the brain cells causes it to swell up. 

Risk Factors

  • High blood pressure is one of the reasons for getting a hemorrhagic stroke.
  • High LDL cholesterol levels
  • Family history.
  • Cardiovascular disease history.
  • High levels of stress and anxiety.
  • Air pollution.
  • Medical conditions like sickle cell disease.
  • Usage of drugs that results in blood-thinning, like cocaine.
  • Lack of sleep
  • Cerebral cavernous malfunctions which is a condition where blood vessels don’t form perfectly in the brain.
  • A cerebral aneurysm is a bulge in the blood vessel wall.

Types of Hemorrhagic Stroke

  • An intracerebral hemorrhage is the most common type, where bleeding happens inside the brain.
  • When bleeding occurs in an area between the brain and membranes covering the brain, it is called a subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Symptoms of Stroke

Stroke is a result of diminished blood delivery to the brain cells. As per studies, the major common symptoms of stroke can be identified as:

  • Insensitivity or weakness of the face, legs, or arms
  • Loss of spontaneous movement and partial sensation.
  • The tingling sensation of the afflicted area
  • Confusions in comprehending or speaking.
  • Dizziness or impairment of vision on one side.
  • Palpitations.
  • Abrupt headaches.
  • Problems coordinating.

When it comes to stroke, it is crucial to recognize the early symptoms in order to get medical treatment for the condition, which can be summarized with an acronym FAST.

  • F= Face:  Pay attention to the smile, if the face droop sideways, it may be an indication of a stroke.
  • A= Arms: If a person is finding it difficult to lift both arms where one arm drops to the side, it might be a cause of concern and need medical attention.
  • S= Speech: If a person appears to have a sudden difficulty with a speech that appears slurred, it might be a symptom of stroke.
  • T = Time: If any of the above checks return a Yes as an answer, no time should be wasted. Seek medical attention immediately.

Stroke Diagnosis

Stroke diagnosis is done using various techniques such as neurological examination, CT Scan, MRI Scan, Arteriography, and Doppler Ultrasound. A physical examination assisted with imaging techniques helps analyze the types and causes of stroke as well as the location as well as severity of the stroke.

Stroke Treatment

  • Endovascular Treatment

Upon diagnosing an ischemic stroke, the blood clot that caused it is removed mechanically in this method of treatment. This procedure is most effective if performed within 12 hours of displaying the symptoms. 

  • Craniectomy

When the strokes affect a larger area of brain cells, it results in swelling of the brain as well as secondary damage to the surrounding tissues in the brain. This condition is called Malignant Cerebral Infarction which is to describes the rapid neurological deterioration of brain cells. 

  • Rehabilitation

A stroke rehabilitation center is a place where those affected by stroke are put together so as to make them get back to normal life as much as possible. They are assisted in relearning everyday skills and need to be started at the earliest possible post-stroke.

  • Physical Therapy

With physical therapy, joint range of motions, as well as the strength required to perform those actions, are reassessed. It focuses on gross motor skills. Rehabilitation is all about training the body to perform simple and normal tasks and making the body fit to produce strong movements which are crucial in getting the body fit to perform actions in a normal manner.

Ayurveda and Stroke

Ayurvedic concepts categorize Stroke as ‘Pakshaghat’ and are considered to happen due to Vata imbalance. As with any disease, Ayurveda tries to find the root cause of a disease rather than managing symptoms or impact of the disease. Once the root cause is identified, its focus is on strengthening the source to get the body back to normalcy. Ayurveda correlates stroke with constraints in movement imposed by Vata imbalance, which causes Srotas and Sanyu (tendons) to dry up in a specific part of the body, leading to impairment of mobility and response in the affected area. Extended intense rehabilitation therapy is required to counteract the condition.

Stress in daily life, consuming junk food excessively, and Virudh Aahar Vihar like smoking resulting in hardening of arteries, etc are the major reasons for increased blood pressure. At Sreerudra, we provide the best ayurvedic treatment for brain stroke in India where our center the expert doctors team gives pure Ayurvedic effective remedies and treatment for Stroke. With proper guidance and care and guided assistance of Ayurveda, Yoga, and Panchkarma, we can help reduce the discomfort of stroke-induced disabilities.

Ayurveda considers abstinence the most vital in treating the disease. The patient is introduced with water at first and progresses towards fruit juices, milk, etc as the healing progresses. The diet is balanced to enrich the body with fruits, nuts, seeds, and vegetables as salads or juices. Afterward, the patient is encouraged to move the affected limbs and other parts of the body as well as joints often as the day advances. The affected muscles need to be massaged gently.

Ayurvedic treatment of stroke includes procedures like Vasti, Nasya, and Shirodhara along with Abhyanga. 

  • Vasti is performed to remove the pent-up toxins from the body by administering herbal decoctions or oils. 
  • Nasya is a procedure aimed at treating the head, nose, and sinuses by administering herbal decoction through the nasal channel.
  • Shirodhara is performed by having a medicinal herbal concoction is made to flow in a controlled constant flow over the eyebrows.
  • Along with the procedures, herbal medications like Brahmi Vati, Ashwagandhaaristha, Ashvagandhachurna, etc are also given that are known to help ease physical weakness, fatigue, memory loss, and neurological disorders.

After a stroke treatment, timely and proper care along with the assistance is the key in getting the individual to be brought back to normal life as this will help them feel the change in body functions that were affected by the impact of stroke.