Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome is a gynecological issues is the growth of small cysts in the ovaries. The hormones are out of control in women with PCOD. It can affect your periods and causes difficulties in getting pregnant. If not treated it can cause serious health problems like heart disease or diabetes. Weight gain and trouble losing weight, acne, excess hair growth, thinning hair on scalp, irregular periods, depression, and fertility problems are the general symptoms.
It is the severe pain associated with menstruation. There are two types of dysmenorrhea namely, Primary dysmenorrhea and Secondary Dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea is caused by prostaglandins, the hormones that make uterus contract during child birth and menstruation. Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by many factors such as fibroids, adenomyosis, STI (Sexually Transmitted Infection), endometriosis, ovarian cyst or tumor etc. The main symptom of dysmenorrhea is lower abdominal pain. Other symptoms can be nausea, vomiting, diarrhea etc.
Usually women bleed 80ml in a menstrual cycle when one bleeds more abnormally it is termed as metro menorrhagia. Soaking through sanitary pads, bleeding longer than 8 days, tiredness, back and abdominal pain etc. are the signs. It is caused by blood clotting disorders, endometriosis, lack of ovulation, uterine growths etc.
Premenstrual Syndrome occurs between ovulation and the onset of menstrual cycle. Symptoms include bloating, weight gain, lack of energy, headaches, cramps, breast swelling and tenderness, food cravings, constipation etc. Mood swing such as anger, irritability, aggression, sadness may also be accompanied.