Weight growth, according to Ayurveda, is a cyclical process. Weight gain that leads to obesity, like any other disease, begins with eating and lifestyle behaviours that stifle the body’s Agni, or digestive fire. This leads to poor food digestion and an increase in toxin levels in the body. Increased toxin or Ama levels in the body disrupt natural metabolic processes, resulting in more fatty tissues in the future. Other vital tissues, such as bone tissues and asthi dhatu, are also disrupted. Improper tissue layers diminish Kapha’s functionality and raise the body’s meda dhatu, or fats.
The existence of Ama also obstructs the physiological channels, resulting in Vata imbalance, which increases the digestive fire, increases appetite and contributes to obesity. Obesity, on the other hand, can be traced back to an inappropriate or aberrant meda dhatu, which is created as a result of a sluggish fat metabolism, or Meda Dhavagni Mandya. A buildup of fat in the abdomen, excessive perspiration, lethargy, and dyspnoea on exertion are all early indications of the illness. In addition, symptoms such as increased appetite and thirst, weakness, and a loss of vigour may also appear in some persons. If left untreated, the symptoms can develop into hypertension, high cholesterol, cardiac problems, diabetes, arthritis, renal infection, premature ageing, and mental confusion, among other things.